A Woman Taking Notes
Outline is the best solution for writing persuasive essays

Writing argumentative essays is a challenging task but not a doomsday! Leave your worries behind, we have a solution that will have you covered. An argumentative essay outline is at your disposal! 

 What is an argumentative essay

  • Definition. An argument. essay is a piece of academic writing that aims to persuade readers to adopt a particular viewpoint. After reading the paper, the reader should take a specific course of action on a controversial issue.
  • Purpose. The primary purpose of an argumentative paper is to convince the audience of the validity of the writer’s argument. It is carried out through logical reasoning, evidence, and persuasive techniques.
  • Key features. The paper should present a clear thesis statement and provide well-supported claims. It should anticipate counterarguments, and offer a compelling conclusion.

Why is it important to make an outline of an argumentative essay? 

  • Organization and structure. An outline helps writers organize their thoughts. It allows one to maintain a logical flow of ideas and ensures coherence throughout the paper.
  • Time efficiency. Writers can save time by planning the essay’s structure in advance.
  • Clarity and focus. The outline allows writers to clarify their arguments, supporting evidence, and counterarguments. It ensures that the paper remains focused and persuasive.

How to structure an argumentative essay? 

Structuring an Essay
Outline should reflect all parts of a persuasive essay


  • Hook. Capture the reader’s attention with a compelling opening statement or anecdote related to the topic.
  • Background information. Provide context and background information about the issue being discussed.
  • Thesis statement. Clearly state the writer’s position and main argument.

Body paragraphs:

  • Topic sentence. Introduce the main point of the paragraph and relate it to the thesis statement.
  • Supporting evidence. Present facts, statistics, or expert opinions to support the argument.
  • Analysis and explanation. Analyze the evidence and explain its significance for the statement.
  • Counterarguments and Rebuttal. Address potential counterarguments and provide counterpoints to strengthen the writer’s position.


  • Thesis restatement. Summarize the main argument and restate the thesis statement clearly and concisely.
  • Closing statement. Leave the reader with a thought-provoking statement, a call to action, or a final persuasive appeal.

What is the purpose of an argumentative essay? 

  • Persuasion. The primary purpose of an argumentative paper is to persuade the reader to adopt the writer’s viewpoint or take a specific action.
  • Critical thinking. Argumentative essays encourage critical thinking skills. It requires writers to analyze evidence, consider opposing viewpoints, and develop strong arguments.
  • Communication skills. Writing an argumentative paper enhances communication skills. It helps writers to articulate their ideas effectively and present compelling evidence.

Understanding Argumentative Essays – How to Outline an Argumentative Essay?

Outlining a Paper
A well-structured outline serves as a roadmap for your argumentative paper

How to write an outline for an argumentative essay?

A well-structured outline serves as a roadmap for your argumentative paper. By creating a solid outline, you can save time, stay focused, and produce a more coherent and persuasive essay. Let’s get to know how to write an effective outline for an argumentative essay step by step. 

Step 1: Understand the purpose and requirements

Before outlining the paper, it’s important to analyze the essay prompt and the topic you will be addressing. Familiarize yourself with the main arguments you plan to make. Gather relevant evidence or research to support your points.

Step 2: Identify the main sections 

To create an argument. essay layout, begin by identifying the main sections or parts of your writing. Typically, an argumentative paper consists of an introduction, body paragraphs, and a conclusion. Depending on the length and complexity of your essay, you may include additional subsections.

Step 3: Craft a captivating introduction 

The introduction sets the stage for your argumentative paper and should grab the reader’s attention. Start with a hook, such as a thought-provoking question or a compelling statistic, to engage your audience. Provide some background information on the topic to establish context. End your introduction with a strong thesis statement that presents your position on the issue.

Step 4: Outline the body paragraphs 

The body paragraphs are the main part of your argumentative essay. There you state your arguments and provide evidence supporting your point of view. Each body paragraph should focus on a single argument and follow a consistent structure:

  • Start with a sentence that introduces the main point of the paragraph.
  • Present the argument or claim clearly and concisely.
  • Support your argument with relevant evidence: facts, statistics, examples, or expert opinions.
  • Analyze and interpret the evidence to demonstrate its significance for your argument.
  • Address any counterarguments and provide a rebuttal to strengthen your position.

Repeat this structure for each body paragraph. Make sure that each argument is distinct and well-supported.

Step 5: Summarize your arguments in the conclusion 

The conclusion should summarize your main arguments and restate your thesis statement. Avoid simply copying and pasting your introduction. Instead, provide a summary of each argument and emphasize why your position is valid and persuasive. End your conclusion with a compelling closing statement that leaves a lasting impression on the reader.

Step 6: Fine-tune and revise 

Once you have created an initial outline of argumentative essay, take the time to review and refine it. Ensure that your arguments flow logically from one to the next and that your supporting evidence is strong and relevant. Look for any gaps or inconsistencies in your reasoning and make adjustments as needed. Consider the overall structure and coherence of your writing. Make any necessary revisions to improve its clarity and persuasiveness.

What should an outline for an argumentative essay include? 

All the argumentative essay elements should correspond to the parts of an essay outline. 

  1. Introduction. It should provide an overview of the topic, establish its importance or relevance, and end with a clear thesis statement. The thesis statement should clearly state your position on the issue and preview the main arguments you will present in the body of the paper.
  2. Background information. In some cases, it may be necessary to provide background information on the topic. It will help your readers to understand the context and significance of the issue. Include relevant facts, statistics, definitions, or historical information if necessary.
  3. Main arguments. The body of your argumentative paper should consist of multiple paragraphs, each focusing on a separate main argument. Your outline should include a clear and concise statement of each main argument. Break them down into supporting points that provide evidence or examples to support your position.
  4. Counterarguments. Include a section dedicated to acknowledging opposing viewpoints and providing counterarguments. Make sure to anticipate the most significant counterarguments. Respond to them with logical reasoning and evidence.
  5. Supporting evidence. For each main argument and counterargument, include a subsection with a list of supporting evidence or examples. This can include research findings, expert opinions, case studies, or real-life examples.
  6. Analysis and interpretation. You need to analyze and interpret evidence to strengthen arguments. Include a section where you briefly describe how you will analyze and interpret the supporting evidence. 
  7. Conclusion. The conclusion section should summarize the main arguments presented in the body paragraphs. It should restate your thesis statement and leave a lasting impression on the reader. Emphasize the significance of your arguments and potentially propose further actions or implications.
  8. Additional sections (if applicable). Depending on the requirements of your essay or the complexity of the topic, you may need to include additional sections in your outline. This could include subsections for additional supporting points or refutations of specific counterarguments. 

Remember, an outline is a flexible tool that can be modified as you progress with your writing. It serves as a guide to keep your arguments organized and ensure that you cover all the essential argument. essay elements. 

Top Outline for Argumentative Essay Template

Types of Outline Templates
Get to know five outlines to structure your essay properly

The best way to learn how to structure argument. essay is to study outline examples. What does an essay outline look like? Let’s explore five argumentative paper outline templates you can use in your assignments! 

Classic outline

This is a good outline example for argumentative essay if you have never encountered this type of assignment before. It is logical and simple to understand – from arguments to counterarguments. If you still doubt which argumentative essay outline to follow, the classic outline is the top pick for you.

I. Introduction

  • Hook
  • Background information
  • Thesis statement

II. Body paragraphs

  • Main argument 1
  • Supporting evidence
  • Analysis
  • Main argument 2
  • Supporting evidence
  • Analysis
  • Main argument 3
  • Supporting evidence
  • Analysis

III. Counterarguments

  • Counterargument 1
  • Refutation
  • Counterargument 2
  • Refutation

IV. Conclusion

  • Restate thesis
  • Summarize main arguments
  • Closing statement

Rogerian outline

Unlike the classical template, the Rogerian outline organizes paper elements in reverse order. Thus, you can make your writing more engaging and uncommon. Also, it allows us to emphasize a common ground for arguments and counterarguments. 

I. Introduction

  • Hook
  • Background information
  • Problem statement

II. Summary of opposing viewpoints

  • Opposing viewpoint 1
  • Opposing viewpoint 2
  • Areas of agreement

III. Presentation of own viewpoint

  • Main argument 1
  • Supporting evidence
  • Main argument 2
  • Supporting evidence

IV. Acknowledgment of validity in opposing viewpoints

  • Common ground 1
  • Common ground 2

V. Conclusion

  • Restate thesis
  • Recap main arguments
  • Call for action or compromise

Toulmin outline 

What is good about this example of an argumentative essay outline? It puts the evidence in the foreground making writing more focused and evidence-based. Note that Toulmin’s outline should contain a strong interpretation of the evidence given.  

I. Introduction

  • Hook
  • Background information
  • Claim/Thesis statement

II. Data/Evidence

  • Supporting evidence 1
  • Explanation
  • Supporting evidence 2
  • Explanation

III. Warrant/Reasoning

  • Interpretation of evidence
  • Logical reasoning

IV. Counterarguments

  • Counterargument 1
  • Rebuttal
  • Counterargument 2
  • Rebuttal

V. Conclusion

  • Restate thesis
  • Summarize main points
  • Call to action or recommendation

Problem-solution outline

This example of an outline for an argumentative essay is based on finding a solution for a controversial issue. Here you can state several solutions and highlight their benefits. 

I. Introduction

  • Hook
  • Problem statement
  • Thesis statement

II. Description of the problem

  • Background information
  • Causes of the problem
  • Impact of the problem

III. Proposed solutions

  • Solution 1
  • Explanation
  • Supporting evidence
  • Solution 2
  • Explanation
  • Supporting evidence

IV. Evaluation of solutions

  • Feasibility of Solution 1
  • Effectiveness of Solution 1
  • Feasibility of Solution 2
  • Effectiveness of Solution 2

V. Conclusion

  • Restate thesis
  • Recap solutions and their benefits
  • Call to action or recommendation

Comparative outline

With this outline for argumentative essay example, you can compare two opinions. Do not forget to support them with a strong background of evidence and analysis.

I. Introduction

  • Hook
  • Background information
  • Comparison thesis statement

II. Comparison of Argument 1

  • Argument 1 for A
  • Supporting evidence
  • Argument 1 for B
  • Supporting evidence

III. Comparison of Argument 2

  • Argument 2 for A
  • Supporting evidence
  • Argument 2 for B
  • Supporting evidence

IV. Evaluation and analysis

  • Comparison of strengths and weaknesses
  • Evaluation of arguments

V. Conclusion

  • Restate thesis
  • Final analysis and comparison
  • Closing statement

These five examples demonstrate different approaches to organizing an argumentative essay layout. Choose an outline argumentative essay example that best suits your topic, arguments, and writing style. Remember to adapt and modify the example of an essay outline to fit your specific essay requirements. With a well-crafted outline in hand, you will be well-prepared to create a compelling and persuasive argumentative essay.

Examples of Argumentative Essay Outlines

Outline Example
Studying outline examples is the key to success

Let’s study an example of an outline for an essay on the topic:

“Does standardized testing accurately measure student intelligence?” 

I. Introduction 

  • A. Hook. Start with a thought-provoking question or statistic about standardized testing. 
  • B. Background information. What standardized testing is and its purpose? 
  • C. Thesis statement. State your position on whether standardized testing accurately measures student intelligence.

II. Arguments against standardized testing as an accurate measure of intelligence 

  • A. Limited assessment. How standardized tests only focus on a narrow set of skills and knowledge? 
  • B. Bias and inequality. How standardized tests can disadvantage certain groups of students? 
  • C. High-stakes pressure. How the pressure of test results may hinder students’ ability to showcase their true intelligence?

III. Counterarguments and rebuttals

  • A. Standardized testing provides a consistent and objective measure of intelligence. 
  • B. Standardized testing helps identify areas for improvement and guide educational reforms.

IV. Alternative methods to measure student intelligence 

  • A. Multiple intelligences theory. How does the concept of multiple intelligences offer a broader perspective on student abilities? 
  • B. Portfolio assessments. What are the benefits of using portfolios to assess students’ skills and critical thinking abilities?
  • C. Project-based assessments. How project-based assessments can provide a more comprehensive evaluation of students’ intelligence?

V. Conclusion 

  • A. Restate the thesis statement and summarize the main arguments against standardized testing. 
  • B. Emphasize the importance of considering alternative methods to measure student intelligence.
  • C. Closing statement. Encourage further research and discussions on improving assessment practices in education.


An argument. essay outline is crucial for writing to make it logical and well-structured. It effectively presents the writer’s arguments and influences readers. Creating an outline before writing ensures a well-organized and persuasive essay. Such an essay will captivate the audience and leave a lasting impact.